What Do Bees Do With Honey?

Discover the fascinating world of bees and their relationship with honey. Explore how bees produce, store, and utilize honey, and uncover the secrets behind this golden nectar.

Have you ever wondered what bees do with honey? Honey is a fascinating and essential part of a bee’s life, but its purpose goes beyond just being a sweet treat. Bees have a complex system of producing, storing, and utilizing honey that not only benefits their hive but also plays a crucial role in the ecosystem. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of a bee’s relationship with honey and uncover the hidden secrets behind this golden nectar. From how bees make honey to what they do with it, join us on this journey into the world of these remarkable pollinators.

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What Do Bees Do With Honey?

Bees, particularly honeybees, play a crucial role in the ecosystem as pollinators. But have you ever wondered what bees do with the honey they produce? Honey is not just a sweet treat; it serves several important purposes within the beehive. Let’s explore the fascinating ways in which bees utilize honey.

Honey Storage

Honeybees are remarkable creatures when it comes to honey storage. They go through a complex process to produce and store honey, ensuring the survival of the colony. Here are the steps involved:

Collecting Nectar

Bees start by collecting nectar from flowers. They have a long, straw-like tube called a proboscis, which they use to extract the nectar from flower blossoms. Bees dart from one flower to another, gathering nectar in their stomachs.

Enzymatic Conversion

Once back at the hive, bees regurgitate the nectar into the mouths of other worker bees. The nectar contains enzymes in their stomachs that break down complex sugars into simpler sugars like glucose and fructose. This enzymatic conversion process is crucial for transforming the nectar into honey.

Water Evaporation

Next, bees fan their wings to create airflow within the hive. This airflow helps evaporate the water content in the nectar. Bees monitor the moisture levels in the honey and continue the evaporation process until the ideal water content of around 18-20% is reached.

Ripening Process

During the evaporation process, the complex sugars become concentrated, giving honey its distinct sweetness. Once the water content has reached the desired level, the bees seal the honeycomb cells with beeswax. This seals the honey and protects it from moisture, ensuring its long-term preservation.

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Feeding the Colony

Bees not only store honey for future use, but they also depend on it to feed the colony. Honey serves as a vital source of energy and nutrition for the bees, including the queen, workers, and larvae. Here’s how honey functions in various aspects of bee nutrition:

Source of Energy

Honey is a rich source of carbohydrates, particularly glucose and fructose. These simple sugars provide the bees with a quick and easily digestible source of energy. Bees convert the sugars in honey into energy that fuels their constant activities, such as foraging, nest building, and flight.

Nurturing the Larvae

Honey is an essential component of bee larvae’s diet. Worker bees feed the developing larvae a mixture known as “bee bread,” which is a combination of honey and pollen. This bee bread provides the larvae with the necessary nutrients and proteins to grow and develop into adult bees.

Supporting the Queen Bee

The queen bee also relies on honey as a source of sustenance. She is the sole egg-layer in the hive and needs a constant supply of nutrients to maintain her prodigious egg-laying capacity. The workers feed the queen a diet rich in honey, ensuring she has the energy she needs to lay thousands of eggs each day.

Providing Nutrients

Aside from being a carbohydrate-rich energy source, honey contains various nutrients that are beneficial to bees. These include:


The primary macronutrient in honey is carbohydrates. The bees break down the complex sugars from nectar into simple sugars, which are easily digestible and used for energy.


Honey contains small amounts of proteins, which are crucial for bee growth and development. Bees obtain most of their proteins from a pollen-rich diet, but the inclusion of honey in their diet provides an additional protein source.


Nectar and honey contain enzymes that aid in the digestion and metabolism of sugars. These enzymes play a vital role in the bees’ ability to convert nectar into honey and utilize it efficiently.


Honey is also a source of vitamins, such as vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid. These vitamins are essential for the bees’ overall health and immunity.


Honey contains trace amounts of minerals, including calcium, iron, zinc, magnesium, and potassium. These minerals play a vital role in various physiological processes in the bees’ bodies.

Building Beehive Comb

Bees are highly skilled at constructing intricate beehive combs, which serve multiple purposes within the beehive. The comb is made from beeswax secreted by worker bees and serves the following functions:

Honeycomb Construction

Worker bees use beeswax to construct the honeycomb, which consists of a series of hexagonal cells. These cells are symmetrical and fit closely together, maximizing the amount of honey that can be stored within the comb.

Structural Support

The honeycomb provides structural support for the entire beehive. It forms a sturdy framework that holds the weight of the honey, pollen, and bee larvae contained within the cells.

Storage Cells

The primary function of the honeycomb cells is to store honey. Bees fill these hexagonal cells with honey to be preserved and used as a food source during times of scarcity.

Sealing the Hive

Bees use honey as a sealant to protect the hive from external threats and maintain a controlled environment within. Here’s how honey helps in sealing and protecting the hive:

Honeycomb Capping

When the honey has ripened and reached the desired water content, worker bees cap the cells with an additional layer of beeswax. This capping prevents honey from absorbing any moisture, ensuring the honey remains intact and fresh.

Preventing Moisture

By capping the honeycomb cells with beeswax, bees effectively seal the honey from moisture infiltration. This is essential to maintain the quality and longevity of the stored honey.

Protecting against Pests

The sealed honeycomb serves as a barrier against pests, such as ants and other insects, that might be attracted to the sweetness of the honey. The beeswax cappings act as a protective shield, preventing unwanted visitors from accessing the honey.

Maintaining Hive Hygiene

The airtight seal created by the capped honeycomb cells helps maintain the cleanliness and hygienic conditions within the hive. It prevents contamination of the honey by external pollutants, ensuring the hive’s health and well-being.

Preserving Honey

Honey has remarkable natural properties that allow it to be preserved for extended periods. Bees utilize these properties to preserve honey within the hive:

Antibacterial Properties

Honey has inherent antibacterial properties due to its low water content and acidic pH. These properties inhibit the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms, helping honey remain free from spoilage.

Low Water Content

As mentioned earlier, bees dehydrate the nectar during the honey-making process. The reduced water content in honey makes it less susceptible to bacterial growth and fermentation.

Acidic pH

Honey has a naturally low pH, typically ranging from 3.2 to 4.5. This acidic environment inhibits the growth of bacteria, molds, and fungi, ensuring the long-term preservation of honey.

Honey’s Texture

The viscous texture and thick consistency of honey help create a physical barrier that inhibits the growth of microorganisms. Honey’s dense nature prevents the entry of bacteria and other contaminants, preserving its freshness.

Defense Mechanism

Bees exploit the sticky and viscous nature of honey as a defensive mechanism against intruders and predators. Here’s how honey aids bees in protecting their hive:

Deterring Intruders

Honey acts as a deterrent for potential predators and intruders. The sticky nature of honeycomb and honey can trap small insects or animals, making it difficult for them to access the hive or disrupt the bee colony.

Warding off Predators

Honey attracts certain predators, such as bears or other mammals, due to its sweet smell and taste. However, the sticky nature of honey can prove formidable for these predators, making it challenging for them to access the hive or consume the honey.

Regulating Hive Temperature

Maintaining the right temperature within the hive is crucial for the survival and well-being of the bee colony. Honey helps bees regulate hive temperature through two important processes:

Thermal Insulation

The honey stored within the honeycomb acts as a natural insulator. The thick layer of honey within the comb helps regulate the temperature within the hive, keeping it warm during colder periods and cool during hotter seasons.

Evaporative Cooling

Bees also use evaporative cooling to regulate hive temperature. They collect water and spread it on the honeycomb, and as the water evaporates, it creates a cooling effect within the hive.

Beekeeper Harvest

While bees produce honey for their own survival, beekeepers often harvest excess honey from the hive for commercial use. Beekeepers follow specific methods to ensure the well-being of the bees and the sustainability of honey production:

Honey Production

Beekeepers maintain beehives and provide bees with suitable conditions for honey production. They carefully manage the hive, ensuring an adequate supply of flowers for the bees to collect nectar.

Economic Importance

Honey production has significant economic importance. Beekeepers harvest and sell honey, contributing to the agricultural industry and providing consumers with a natural and delicious sweetener.

In conclusion, honey serves various essential functions within the beehive. Bees store honey as a source of energy and nutrition, build beehive comb for storage purposes, seal the hive with honey to protect against pests and maintain hive hygiene, regulate hive temperature, and utilize honey’s preservation properties. Understanding the significance of honey in the lives of bees highlights the integral role they play in our ecosystem and the importance of protecting these incredible creatures.

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