What Do Bees Do With Honeycomb?

Uncover the secrets behind honeycomb and the fascinating ways bees utilize it. Explore their behaviors, storage methods, and more in this article.

Have you ever wondered what bees do with honeycomb? This fascinating article explores a wide range of questions about the behaviors and characteristics of bees. From their communication methods to their unique grooming habits, you will uncover the secrets behind the lives of these incredible creatures. Discover how bees make honeycomb, find their way back to the hive, and even what they eat besides nectar. Bees play a vital role in our ecosystem, and by delving into their world, we can gain a deeper appreciation for their importance and the wonders of nature.

What Do Bees Do With Honeycomb?

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Honeycomb is a fascinating structure that is created by bees to serve several purposes within their hive. Bees meticulously construct honeycomb using beeswax, and it is used for storage, protection, and as a foundation for various activities essential to the survival of the colony. In this article, we will explore the various functions of honeycomb and how bees utilize it to support their hive and their community.

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Honeycomb Construction

Bees are skilled architects, capable of constructing intricate hexagonal honeycomb cells with remarkable precision. To create honeycomb, bees excrete beeswax from their abdomen, which hardens upon contact with the air. The bees then use their mandibles to shape the wax into the familiar hexagonal shape. This unique structure allows for maximum storage capacity while using minimal resources. The construction of honeycomb requires teamwork and coordination, with bees working together to create a solid framework for their hive.

Storage of Honey

One of the primary functions of honeycomb is to store honey. Bees collect nectar from flowers and carry it back to the hive in their honey stomachs. Once inside the hive, the bees regurgitate the nectar into honeycomb cells. The hexagonal shape of the cells allows for efficient storage, maximizing space within the hive. The bees then fan their wings over the cells to evaporate excess moisture, transforming the nectar into honey. The capped cells of honeycomb act as a natural preservation method, ensuring the honey remains fresh and ready to be consumed by the colony.


Honeycomb also serves as a protective barrier for the hive. The sturdy structure of the beeswax cells provides support and stability to the hive, keeping it intact and secure. The tightly packed cells create a barrier that shields the hive from outside elements, such as wind and rain. Moreover, the intricate design of honeycomb cells acts as a physical deterrent to invading pests, making it difficult for intruders to navigate through the maze-like structure. This protective aspect of honeycomb is crucial for the survival of the hive and safeguarding the valuable resources stored within.

Development of Larvae

Another essential function of honeycomb is to provide a nurturing environment for the development of bee larvae. The queen bee lays her eggs inside the cells of the honeycomb. Once hatched, the larvae are fed a diet of royal jelly, a nutrient-rich substance produced by nurse bees. The cells of honeycomb act as individual chambers for each larva, ensuring they have enough space to grow and develop. As the larvae progress through their life stages, the cells are modified and enlarged to accommodate their changing size and needs.

Creating Queen Cells

Honeycomb is also used to create queen cells, which are crucial for the reproductive cycle of the hive. When the colony needs a new queen, worker bees modify existing cells or construct new cells specifically designed for raising queens. The queen cell is larger than a regular worker cell and is positioned vertically. It is in these cells that the young larvae selected to become queens are nurtured, fed royal jelly, and ultimately develop into new queens. The creation of queen cells ensures the continued survival and growth of the colony.

Building New Hive

Honeycomb plays a pivotal role in the expansion of bee colonies. When a colony becomes overcrowded and starts to swarm, a portion of the bees, including the queen, will leave the hive to start a new colony. Before departing, the bees gorge themselves on honey and fill their honey stomachs. Once they find a suitable location for a new hive, they regurgitate the honey to create wax and begin constructing honeycomb. The initial formation of honeycomb serves as the foundation for the new hive, providing a secure structure for the bees to build upon and establish their new home.

Feeding Bees

In addition to storing honey, honeycomb also acts as a storage and feeding system for other food sources within the hive. Bees collect pollen from flowers and bring it back to the hive. The pollen is stored in honeycomb cells and mixed with nectar to form “bee bread,” a protein-rich food source for the bees. The bees consume bee bread to obtain the necessary nutrients for their survival. The honeycomb cells provide a convenient and organized storage system for the various food sources required by the colony.

Regulating Temperature

Honeycomb also plays a vital role in temperature regulation within the hive. Bees maintain a constant temperature in the hive to ensure the survival of the colony, even in extreme weather conditions. The bees cluster around the honeycomb cells, with their collective body heat helping to maintain a stable temperature. In warmer weather, bees use water to cool the hive by collecting droplets and fanning their wings to create evaporative cooling. The structure of honeycomb provides an efficient flow of air and allows for the distribution of heat and cool air throughout the hive, helping to regulate the temperature and ensure the well-being of the colony.

Propolis Usage

Bees utilize honeycomb as a platform to produce and store propolis, a sticky substance derived from tree resins. Bees collect propolis and use it to seal small cracks and crevices within the hive, ensuring the hive remains watertight and secure. The bees apply propolis to the honeycomb cells, creating a protective barrier and preventing the growth of harmful bacteria and fungi. This antimicrobial property of propolis helps to maintain the cleanliness and hygiene of the hive, further contributing to the health and well-being of the colony.

In conclusion, honeycomb serves a multitude of functions within the bee colony. From storage to protection, nurturing to temperature regulation, honeycomb is an essential element of the hive’s structure and functionality. The intricate construction and purposeful design of honeycomb not only provide a home and food storage for the bees but also support the growth and reproduction of the colony. Bees’ remarkable ability to create and utilize honeycomb showcases the ingenuity and cooperation found within these fascinating creatures.

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